To avoid the appearance of a paronychia (fresh fingers), there are some simple tips to apply.
- Do not cut your nails too short and do not leave them too long.
- Do not cut them too much in circles, it is better to let them squat.
- Avoid biting your nails.
- Do not pull small skins around your nails.
- Wash your hands regularly.
- When performing manual work, do not hesitate to wear gloves.
- As paronychia appears as a result of the development of bacteria, consider systematically disinfecting your manicure equipment.
- Remember to wash and disinfect any wound with your finger or hand to prevent the whitlow from developing.
- Also check that you are up to date with your tetanus toxoid recalls.
What to do in case of paronychia ?
The paronychia or poorly white is an infection of the nail and can affect both hands and feet. Treated in time, the paronychia heals quickly and without complications.
Recognize a parsnip: symptoms and evolution
A lesion can become infected, causing a greater redness and the formation of a small abscess containing pus on a fingernail or on its perimeter: it is a paronychia. The pocket of pus can drain and a small purulent flow can cover the nail. It does not initially manifest by signs of inflammation: redness, swelling and pain relatively bearable. In the absence of treatment, the infection can spread, the paronychia becomes an abscess with the formation of a pocket of pus. The pain becomes unbearable and can be accompanied by fever. Possible complications of paronychia, which remain rare, are the deformation of the nail and the extension of the infection to the joints. The paronychia can appear at any age,
Causes and risk factors of whitlow
The development of a paronychia (fresh fingers) is the consequence of an infection with a bacterium. Infections most often occur after an injury to the nail: insect sting, skin tearing around the perimeter of the nail, the presence of a splinter, trauma due to a manicure. Some chronic diseases like Diabetes or a defective immune system may also promote the appearance of paronychia.
How to deal with a paronychia?
It is advisable to consult a doctor quickly in front of a paronychia at the inflammatory stage in order to avoid the formation of an abscess. If the paronychia has developed into an abscess, if the infections are frequent, or in case of fever and / or unbearable pain, the consultation is urgent. While waiting for the visit to the doctor, it is recommended to apply an antiseptic on paronychia and protect the nail with a bandage. Taking paracetamol is also possible to relieve pain. On the other hand, it is imperative not to try to pierce the abscess yourself.
Treatments of whitlow
For a parsnip without abscess, the treatment consists in stopping the development of the infection. Antiseptic baths and analgesics are usually prescribed to relieve symptoms. A paronychia that has progressed to abscess requires excision (ablation) of infected tissue under local or general anesthesia depending on the extent of the infection. In both cases, the prescription of antibiotics is not systematic but it can be proposed to patients at risk suffering from chronic diseases.
Prevention: how to avoid paronychia?
The best way to avoid the paronychia (fresh fingers buy) is to limit the occurrence of injuries around the nails. Do not bite your nails or tear small skin, quickly treat a possible wound, immediately remove a foreign body, gardening or tinkering by wearing gloves, wash your hands regularly and avoid walking barefoot outdoors are as many useful measures to guard against infections.